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The risks of carrying excessive stomach fat

Research has found that having a large amount of fat on the stomach and obesity increases the risk of serious health problems. These facts are now known to almost everyone. In fact stomach fat is one of the leading causes of dangerous health issues.

Risk of carrying excessive stomach fatFat in the abdominal area is one of two types. Visceral and subcutaneous fat. Visceral fat surrounds the abdominal organs and the subcutaneous fat lies between the skin and abdominal wall.

Studies have concluded that visceral fat is associated with high risk factors such as type 2 diabetes. In men type 2 diabetes can result from subcutaneous fat - this is not the case in women

 

When a doctor predicts your health for the future they will look at your waist size and not just your body weight. Your body mass index (BMI) is determined by your height and weight and also the measurement of your waist.

Here is how to calculate your BMI:

  1. Measure your height in metres and multiply that figure by itself.
  2. Measure your weight in kilograms
  3. Then divide the weight by the height squared (i.e. the answer to Q1). For example, you might be 1.65m (5ft 5in) tall and weigh 65kg (10st 3lb). The calculation would then be:

1.65 x 1.65 = 2.72. BMI would be 65 divided by 2.56 = 23.9.
People with BMIs of 25–29.9 are considered overweight, and those with BMIs of 30 or over, obese.

Body Shapes

People's body shapes fall into two types, there's the 'apple' and 'pear' body shapes. Apple-shaped bodies carry the majority of their body fat around their middle area (abdominal), while pear-shaped bodies carry the majority of their body fat on their hip, buttock and thigh area.

Fat in the abdominal area is linked to high insulin (leading to diabetes), high cholesterol, high blood pressure and many other health problems.

Men with a waist size larger than 37 inches (94cm) and for women a waist size larger than 32 inches (80cm) indicate an increased risk to health issues.

Women with 35 inch (88cm) waist lines and men with 40 inch (102cm) waist lines are significantly at higher risk of fat related health problems.

Diabetes

Belly fat results in an increase in blood sugar levels. This is because you have consumed too much carbohydrates, fats and proteins than your body needs. Insulin is produced to regulate the sugar levels in your body. When excessive amounts of food over works the pancreas to produce more insulin. A stressed pancreas results in insufficient insulin secretion and an increase in sugar levels leading to type 2 diabetes.

Heart disease

Being overweight, obese or having excess fat in the abdominal area can lead to high cholesterol.

Cholesterol is a fat which is produced by the liver and is crucial for normal body functioning.

High cholesterol causes:
Heart Disease - the failure of arteries to supply blood and oxygen to the heart
Arteriosclerosis - narrowing of arteries, reducing the flow of sufficient blood and oxygen. Increasing blood pressure.
Heart Attack - blood and oxygen is blocked by a clot in the artery. The heart stops and can lead to the heart muscle dying.
Stroke - A clot in the artery can lead to a lack of oxygen to the brain. This leads to brain cells dying and motor functions of the body ceasing.

Lower back pain

When you have a large amount of fat around your abdominal area you put extra strain on your lower back. Over time your posture will worsen and your lower back will start to experience pain. Lower back pain can be serve preventing you from performing basic walking, lifting and standing functions.

Breast cancer

With women who are overweight or obese, their bodies contain high levels of estrogens. Estrogen is an essential part of a woman's reproductive process. However overweight and inactive women with high estrogen levels are at a higher risk of developing breast cancer.

What to do if you're at risk?

If you find you are at risk and this is rather gloomy then you're correct. There is no alternative but to lose weight and to get more active. The good news is that most of the risks from excess stomach fat are reversible if you take action immediately.

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Are you struggling to lose tummy fat or are you progressing slowly?

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This essential workout guide includes short workouts, nutritional guides, video demonstrations, beginners, intermediate and advance levels, specific workouts for men and women and more. Click here to go check it out now!